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Fully automated LED wafer testing

The challenge: high throughput, low operator influence, cost savings

A leading LED (Light Emitting Diode) manufacturer approached xyztec with an interesting challenge. They wanted to integrate 100% gold ball shear testing in their production lines of 2 and 4 inch LED wafers while reducing labor costs. It was also required to interface with their software infrastructure to merge the production lot data with measurement results. Of course, the highest possible accuracy, repeatability and traceability were of utmost importance. Their previous bond tester supplier could not provide a solution.

Four inch LED wafer on Condor 100 with RMU

The solution: fully automated Condor 100

In close collaboration with the customer, xyztec developed a unique automation integrated solution, based on the standard Condor 100 platform. A sophisticated customized work holder makes it easy for the operator to vacuum clamp the wafer on the tester, while providing high reproducible positioning accuracy, required for the full automation. Once the wafer is in place, the operator will scan the product identification barcode and the software automation macro is activated.

One operator handles mulitple systems

Within 3 minutes, 30 selected bonds on the wafer are shear tested without intervention by the operator. The software carries out an extensive routine, selecting the correct sensors on the RMU and driving to the precise positions to do shear tests. To prevent gold wire residue from obstructing the tool, a specially designed air nozzle with minimum airflow directs the gold wire residue into a collecting box.

Automatic image grab failed test

During automatic testing, the operator may watch the machine from a distance, as the camera image, which is shown on a second monitor, provides a clear visual image during testing. This eliminates the need for similar periodic inspection through a microscope enabling multiple machines to be easily and efficiently overseen from a distance. At the end of the procedure, or in case of a problem, the operator is alerted by a clear visual signal on the screen (for example orange to for operator input, red for failures).

The Condor system is configured in such a way that a camera takes a picture of each test which is outside a predefined range and stores it on the central database server for further, off-line investigations. As the images are relationally linked to the database, full traceability is offered to its measurement data. All data import and export functions are automatically running in the background and cannot be influenced by the operator.

Today, no less than eight Condor 100’s are running day and night at this customer facility. The fact that all testing is carried out automatically minimizes operator influence and produces stable and constant measurement results. “Training time for new employees to learn to work with the xyztec bond tester is minimal”, says the quality control manager.

Customized report

Why xyztec?

The choice for xyztec was simple when the previous bond tester supplier turned out not to be capable of fulfilling all requirements.

Xyztec’s local sales and support team in Taiwan stepped in and created a working solution within two months, making the bridge between the customer and the headquarters R&D team of xyztec in The Netherlands. “The xyztec experts were very responsive throughout the project and exceeded all our expectations. A huge difference with our previous supplier!”, says the quality control manager.

Condor 100 LED wafer

Labor cost analysis

The total savings on labor costs alone when choosing for the xyztec fully automated wafer testing solution can amount to 1,600,000 RMB or 240,000 USD per year, as the following table shows:

Manual operation Automation
Machines 6 sets 6 sets
Operators 6 people 1 person
Four shifts 24 people 4 people
Overall labor cost (China) 24 x 80k RMB = 1,920,000 RMB
24 x 12k USD = 288,000 USD
4 x 80k RMB = 320,000 RMB
4 x 12k USD = 48,000 USD

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Clyde Chen